Does individual race interact with school racial composition to affect punishment?
– Their findings indicate that attending a high school with better disciplinary order and stronger school attachment for the students is associated with a decreased likelihood of dropping out, above and beyond individual characteristics.
-They found that higher school SES translated to better school attachment, disciplinary order, and academic climate. Yet, disciplinary climate was the most positively influenced by school SES, with a one standard deviation (SD) increase in school SES being associated with about half a unit increase in disciplinary climate.
-The percentage of minority students was inversely related to school attachment, controlling for model variables.
-There is an indirect effect of school composition on dropping out. The larger the percentage of minority students the less attached they feel to their school so they are more likely to drop out.
– The researchers found that attending a high school with better school attachment greatly reduced the odds of a student being a dropout.
-Attending a school with more disciplinary order also directly de- creased the likelihood that a student was currently identified as a dropout.
-They also found that both prior math achievement and student SES were again strong predictors of whether a student had ever dropped out.
Analyze reports of problem behavior from teachers and administrators and see if they differ from those in integrated and non-Black schools. How does the prevalence of developmental instruction vary across schools with different racial compositions?
Closing the Achievement Gap: The Association of Racial Climate with Achievement and Behavioral Outcomes
Does racial climate mediate or moderate the relationships between race and academic and behavioral outcomes?
Explaining Race Differences in Student Behavior and Academic Achievement: The Relative Contribution of Student, Peer, and School Characteristics
Explore a wide range of variation in individual and contextual influences on the behavior and academic achievement of black and white students.
Relationship between school segregation patterns and the phenomenon of Black suspension overrepresentation.
Summarizes research on effects of desegregation in elementary and secondary schools
Are Black and White students treated differently by White teachers on the basis of race in integrated classrooms?